Agile Scrum Velocity

vGGG9 Velocity ASG lowerres

Velocity is a simple but powerful method for measuring the rate at which Scrum teams deliver business value. To calculate velocity, simply add up the estimates (usually in story points) of the features, user stories, requirements or other backlog items completed in an iteration. Only work completed per the definition of done counts.

Velocity, Actual

Actual velocity is the sum of the team’s delivery of completed work during an iteration, usually measured in story points.

Example 1: A team completed work on three out of three stories in a sprint:

• Completed story “A” had 3 points
• Completed story “B” had 5 points
• Completed story “C” had 8 points

The sum of the three completed stories is 16, so the velocity is 16.

Example 2: A team completed work on two out of three stories in a sprint:

• Completed story “X” had 2 points
• Completed story “Y” had 5 points
• Incomplete story “Z” had 5 points

Only completed stories count. The sum of the two completed stories is 7, so the velocity is 7.

Velocity values may fluctuate from iteration to iteration, but the values often stabilize for teams after they’ve completed between three and six sprints.

Velocity, Planned

Planned velocity is the historical velocity for the team. It is sometimes called the estimated velocity or ideal velocity. If the team has not done any iterations before, there is no historical data, and planned velocity does not yet apply. If there is historical data, sum all the velocity values and divide by the number of iterations to obtain the mean average, and use that value as the planned velocity. Using a simple method like the preceding one is advised, especially when starting out with Agile Scrum. Some organizations use alternatives—such as a three-point moving average, trimmed mean average or the median average—for planned velocity.

This content is an abridged excerpt from the award-winning book,
Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions, available in digital and print formats.

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"Agile Scrum" Quoted in Innovation Management

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Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions
(Scott M. Graffius, author; Chris Hare and Colin Giffen, technical editors) was quoted by Julia Myllylä in her article which appears in Innovation Management. This Swedish-based publication has the mission to provide relevant, inspiring and actionable knowledge to businesses and individuals looking to increase their innovation capabilities.

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The quote from
Agile Scrum—“If you don’t collect any metrics, you’re flying blind. If you collect and focus on too many, they may be obstructing your field of view.”—is located at point 5 of the article. It was published on November 20, 2018, and you can read it here: http://www.innovationmanagement.se/2018/11/20/7-mistakes-to-avoid-when-measuring-innovation/.

About Scott M. Graffius

Scott M. Graffius, CSP, CSM, CSPO, PMP, ITIL, LSSGB is a project management expert, consultant, international speaker, and award-winning author. He is the CEO of Exceptional PPM and PMO Solutions, a professional services firm, where he partners with client companies to achieve their strategic objectives and business initiatives through project management leadership. The consultancy provides project, program, portfolio, and PMO management services inclusive of agile, traditional, and hybrid development and delivery frameworks. Business results include upgraded responsiveness to business needs, faster delivery and time-to-market, improved on-budget performance, higher customer and stakeholder satisfaction, and greater competitive advantage. Scott is a former vice president of project management with a publicly traded provider of diverse consumer products and services over the Internet. Before that, he ran and supervised the delivery of projects and programs in public and private organizations with businesses ranging from e-commerce to advanced technology products and services, retail, manufacturing, entertainment, and more. He has experience with consumer, business, reseller, government, and international markets. Additional information is available at: http://Exceptional-PMO.com/who_we_are/bio.

About Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions

Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions helps technical and non-technical teams develop and deliver products at astounding speed with rapid adaptation to change and continuous improvement—which supports innovation and drives competitive advantage. The book has garnered 17 first place awards.

  • Title and subtitle: Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions
  • Author: Scott M. Graffius
  • Technical Editors: Chris Hare and Colin Giffen
  • Formats: Paperback and ebook, both in full color
  • Pub Date: April 5, 2016 (paperback), May 20, 2016 (ebook)
  • Publisher: CreateSpace (paperback), Amazon Digital Services (ebook)
  • Price: Paperback $34.99 US, ebook $19.99 US
  • Pages: 156
  • ISBN-13: 978-1533370242 (paperback)
  • ASIN: B01FZ0JIIY (ebook)

Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions by Scott M. Graffius is offered in digital and print formats around the world.

Agile Scrum in ebook format (ASIN: B01FZ0JIIY) is available in:


Agile Scrum in paperback (ISBN-13: 9781533370242) is for sale in:


For press, please visit AgileScrumGuide.com.


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"Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions" Quoted by Informa Middle East

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Content from
Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions (Scott M. Graffius, author; Chris Hare and Colin Giffen, technical editors) is quoted in a piece by Informa Middle East. Informa is a leading Dubai-based company offering business intelligence, academic publishing, and services in event management.

A red arrow in the accompanying image (a higher resolution version is available
here) points out the quote. You can read the Informa article by Anishka Abraham—which includes what to do and avoid with metrics—here: https://www.informa-mea.com/blog/7-mistakes-to-avoid-when-measuring-innovation/.

informa middle east wip lowerres

About Scott M. Graffius

Scott M. Graffius, CSP, CSM, CSPO, PMP, ITIL, LSSGB is a project management expert, consultant, international speaker, and award-winning author. He is the CEO of Exceptional PPM and PMO Solutions, a professional services firm, where he partners with client companies to achieve their strategic objectives and business initiatives through project management leadership. The consultancy provides project, program, portfolio, and PMO management services inclusive of agile, traditional, and hybrid development and delivery frameworks. Business results include upgraded responsiveness to business needs, faster delivery and time-to-market, improved on-budget performance, higher customer and stakeholder satisfaction, and greater competitive advantage. Scott is a former vice president of project management with a publicly traded provider of diverse consumer products and services over the Internet. Before that, he ran and supervised the delivery of projects and programs in public and private organizations with businesses ranging from e-commerce to advanced technology products and services, retail, manufacturing, entertainment, and more. He has experience with consumer, business, reseller, government, and international markets. Additional information is available at: http://Exceptional-PMO.com/who_we_are/bio.

About Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions

Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions helps technical and non-technical teams develop and deliver products at astounding speed with rapid adaptation to change and continuous improvement—which supports innovation and drives competitive advantage. The book has garnered 17 first place awards.

  • Title and subtitle: Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions
  • Author: Scott M. Graffius
  • Technical Editors: Chris Hare and Colin Giffen
  • Formats: Paperback and ebook, both in full color
  • Pub Date: April 5, 2016 (paperback), May 20, 2016 (ebook)
  • Publisher: CreateSpace (paperback), Amazon Digital Services (ebook)
  • Price: Paperback $34.99 US, ebook $19.99 US
  • Pages: 156
  • ISBN-13: 978-1533370242 (paperback)
  • ASIN: B01FZ0JIIY (ebook)

Agile Scrum: Your Quick Start Guide with Step-by-Step Instructions by Scott M. Graffius is offered in digital and print formats around the world.

Agile Scrum in ebook format (ASIN: B01FZ0JIIY) is available in:


Agile Scrum in paperback (ISBN-13: 9781533370242) is for sale in:


For press, please visit AgileScrumGuide.com.


★★★★★


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Award-Winning Book -Agile Scrum